How BIM is changing the face of the New Zealand architecture industry
Ci in the Press • Central Innovation • 12 March 2019
By Mike Russell
From envisioning a building using sketches, physical models and drawings to current practices with technology such as building information modelling (BIM), innovation is now a key element for the architectural services sector to meet the challenges of digital transformation.
A PwC report has revealed that New Zealand’s design sector contributes approximately $10.1 billion in a year to the country’s economy and is equivalent to 4.2% of New Zealand’s GDP, meaning innovation in the architecture and design industry is a priority for the nation. Driven by specialised design software solutions supported by BIM, the building and architecture industry is undergoing significant change. Architectural design has transformed from paper sketches into a digital representation of a building with physical and functional characteristics that are communicated to all agents of the project using BIM.
As a major driver in the transformation of architectural processes, BIM is an intelligent 3D methodology that allows architects to envisage what a completed design will perform in detail ahead of time. Virtual models of buildings are digitally designed and can be altered throughout the development phases using intelligent capabilities. Across all stages of planning, designing, constructing and managing buildings, BIM increases efficiency and cross-discipline integration.
ARCHITECTURE DESIGN PROCESSES
In an architectural design project, the complexity of the process lends from the plethora of interactions between multiple agents throughout the lifecycle. To intelligently manage information, BIM incorporates time and costs into the drawings for transparency across all agents. Projects modelled in BIM can include the real products and materials that will be used to build them, incorporating physical properties, characteristics and costs into the model.
This streamlines the process of design and communicates complicated information accurately to everyone involved. Considering that 38% of the survey respondents mentioned that BIM use allows for better coordination between parties, BIM has a clear advantage which lies in allowing the joint work of architects, clients, builders, engineers and other stakeholders to occur within a single intelligent and shared process. These advantages make BIM a critical tool for the digital age.
THE ROAD AHEAD
The current state of BIM adoption in New Zealand has plateaued and is reaching a general sense of maturation, reflecting the greater role the government should be playing to drive growth in adoption or develop national standards. The 2017 BIM survey results found that BIM was only used in 2% more projects in 2017 compared to 2016, indicating a need for greater government support through setting standards and training. However, the establishment of the BIM Acceleration Committee (BAC) since 2014 means there has been greater effort to develop more efficient work processes through the application of BIM and open standards.
In the New Zealand practice of architecture and design, the workforce needs to reflect industry transformation by adopting BIM in their daily practices to prepare for the future. Currently, 25% of survey respondents in 2017 BIM benchmark survey found that further education was needed for clients to understand BIM and 23% mentioned that there needs to be an increase in the quantity of BIM operators and staff. Clearly, training is a crucial element in the approach of improving adoption and driving change in the design industry.
For instance, Ctrl_Space, a New Zealand business, has reacted to the demand for these critical skills by effectively implementing BIM training programmes. By adopting this methodology, there is a clear increase in capabilities when delivering high-quality design to current date standards as projects are completed with greater integration and efficiency. This shows how crucial the expertise of design tools is for the growth and development of the industry. To achieve sustained growth, a key priority for businesses is to adopt BIM as part of their design process and drive innovation in the architecture industry.
While BIM is an invaluable process offering an abundance of benefits to the architecture and design industry, the adoption rate in the New Zealand market has plateaued as it is reaching maturity in the market.
New Zealand’s current design and architecture landscape can maximise BIM’s potential when businesses are investing in training, knowledge and skilled resources to utilise the software. From the example of Ctrl_Space in their adoption of BIM to reap the benefits of integration, cost-efficiency and flexibility, New Zealand’s design industry can definitely drive sustained innovation using technology.
Reference: NZ Construction News Magazine, Feb-Mar 2019, page 22. “How BIM is changing the face of the New Zealand architecture industry”